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800px-Xiphias gladius2
The Broadbill Swordfish (Xiphias gladius) can grow to 4.45m.

IdentificationEdit

The upper and sides of the body dark brown fading to light brown under side. The only Billfish with a rigid dorsal fin.

BreedingEdit

Egg dispersal. Females may lay between 2/5 million eggs and the main breeding area for the Eastern Atlantic is the Mediterranean Sea. It is believed that a female is mature at the age of 5-6 and this equates to a length of between 150-170cm

HabitatEdit

A semi oceanic species which is located in the upper water layers and has an optimum temperature range of between 18/22ºC, but is known to tolerate a sea temperature of between 5/27ºC. They are known to go to depths of at least 550m

FoodEdit

Tunas and other pelagic fishes when in open waters and when further inshore they will take Mackerel, Herring and Hake

RangeEdit

For the Eastern Atlantic from the north of Scotland down to the Cape of Good Hope.

Additional NotesEdit

A truly powerful angling adversary, mostly found in oceanic waters off the western coasts


ReferencesEdit

The Aquarium Project

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