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Phyllonorycter leucographella(retained) exIMG 3102 (cropped)

Phyllonorycter leucographella - with a wingspan of 8mm

Aquilegia leaf

Aquilegia leaf showing mine of Phytomyza minuscula, a fly.

Many species of small insects have larvae that live inside leaves of plants and trees. These include tiny flies (Diptera) and moths (Lepidoptera). These animals are collectively known as Leaf-miners.

Some of these species can be identified because they are specific to one particular host-plant. An example is the moth Phyllonorycter leucographella, the firethorn leafminer which can be very common on Pyracantha bushes forming a diagnostic blister on the leaves.


The second photo shows the leaf of an Aquilegia (Columbine) plant with a mine made by the fly, Phytomyza minuscula.

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